Bible Study Notes Rev. Betsy Perkins
The Lamb’s Victory!
As the world is mourning the fall of Babylon, God calls His people to celebrate. “Rejoice over her, O heaven! Rejoice, saints and apostles and prophets! God has judged her for the way she treated you.”(18:20) The celebration begins over the fall of the great prostitute, but continues with the rise of the Bride of the Lamb, and then the arrival of the King of Kings himself. The One who is to come, arrives!
God’s Victory (19:1-5): Hallelujah!
Hallelujah = this word occurs only in this chapter of the New Testament. It is a combination of 2 Hebrew words, Halal which means Praise, and Jah which means Jehovah/Yahweh/LORD, put together to mean ‘Praise the LORD’.
Amen = truly, so be it, may it be so.
o For what deeds and attributes is God praised?
The Wedding Supper of the Lamb (19:6-10):
Wedding/Marriage: Marriage is the ultimate covenant relationship, built on commitment to a mutual promise. It is a glorious symbol on earth of a heavenly reality; an image used throughout the Old and New Testaments. In the Jewish tradition, marriage is a 2-step process, beginning with the betrothal and culminating in the wedding. Once engaged, the couple is expected to be faithful to one another even though they are not living together. The wedding begins with a procession to the bride’s home to bring the bride back to the groom’s home for the wedding supper.
o Read Hosea 2:19, Matthew 22:2, Ephesians 5:31-32. What are the implications of describing the relationship between Christ and the Church as a marriage? How should this guide us in our behavior toward Jesus?
o How does the clothing of the Bride (19:8) compare to the clothing of the Prostitute (17:4)? Are the Brides clothes a gift or are they earned?
o Verse 9 contains the fourth beatitude (blessing) of Revelation. Who is this blessing for? Is there are difference between the Bride and the guests?
o Why does John start to worship the angel? Why is he corrected? What can we learn from his mistake?
The Rider (19:11-21): The beast is defeated, and there is another great feast.
Messiah/Christ = the Savior sent by God was understood as having several roles: the One to defeat the enemies of God and His people (warrior role), the One to rule with peace and justice (kingly role), and the One to purify God’s people and their worship (priestly role). The battle that the Rider fights is a symbolic one, rather than an actual one, which gives a victory over all evil power and “a victory over violence itself.” (NT Wright)
o What characteristics of the Rider sound familiar from other descriptions? What do these symbols tell us about the Rider? Who is the Rider?
Isaiah 11:4 – He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth
Psalm 2:9 – You will rule then with an iron scepter
Isaiah 63:3 – I will trample the winepress…in my anger, trod them down in my wrath, their blood splattered my garments.
o What do we learn from the name “Faithful and True”?
o Words are not just lifeless sounds or symbols on a page, but they can be active and powerful to carry out the intention of the speaker/writer. Can you think of words that carry power?
Read Hebrews 4:12. How is the name “The Word of God” appropriate for what the Rider is about to do?
o With what weapons does the Rider win the battle? What were Jesus’ weapons?
“Many in our own day are still oppressed by monstrous forces, and the local propaganda machines that promote their cause. Equally, many otherwise well-intentioned people are taken in by the lies and deceits which these systems continue to put out. Revelation 19 stands as a promise to the first, and a warning to the second. Once you understand who Jesus was and is, and the significance of the victory which he has won in his death, there can be no doubt about the final outcome. Monstrous regimes may come and go. Lies and deceits will continue to be spread. We must be on our guard. But the King of kings and Lord of lords will be victorious. In the meantime, there must be no compromise.”
What one truth from this passage stands out as something to “take to heart” this week?
Are there steps you will take, by God’s grace, to more fully apply it to your life?
Resources: Navpress, A life-changing encounter with God’s Word from the book of Revelation, 2011
N.T. Wright, Revelation for Everyone, 2011